Li3 (software)

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Logo li3 PHP Framework.png
Developer(s)Union of RAD
Initial releaseNovember 2009 (2009-11)
Stable release
1.2.0[1] / 2019-09-13[±]
RepositoryLithium Repository
Written inPHP
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeWeb application framework

li₃ (formerly lithium) is a full-stack web framework, for producing web applications. It is written in PHP, supporting PHP 5.3 and onwards[2] and is based on the model–view–controller development architecture. It is described as adhering to no-nonsense philosophies.[3]

The project is sponsored by Engine Yard, Radify and Atelier Disko.


In October 2009, CakePHP project manager Garrett Woodworth and developer Nate Abele resigned from the project to focus on lithium,[4][5] a framework code base originally being developed at the CakePHP project as "Cake3".[6]

In 2012 the project gained official sponsorship from Engine Yard.[7]

In January 2014 the project was rebranded under the name li₃.

With the release of version 1.0 on June 6th 2016 David Persson followed Nate Abele as lead developer of the project.[8][9]

In May 2020 a framework also named lithium[10][11] scored the 4th place (out of 104) in the composite score of TechEmpower Web Frameworks Benchmarks Round 19,[12] but it is a modern C++17 asynchronous web server based on epoll, a totally different web framework from li₃.

See also


  1. ^ "Releases - UnionOfRAD/lithium". Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  2. ^ "About li₃". Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  3. ^ "32 web frameworks to choose from for your next project". Memeburn. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
  4. ^ Rampersad, Ryan (2009-10-23). "The State of CakePHP". Archived from the original on 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  5. ^ "Lithium project web site". Archived from the original on 2018-08-13. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  6. ^ "The Cake is Still Rising". Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  7. ^ "Engine Yard sponsors PHP framework Lithium". The H. 15 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Releasing 1.0".
  9. ^ Menge-Sonnentag, Rainald. "Das als Lithium gestartete PHP-Framework li3 erreicht Version 1.0". Heise Developer. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  10. ^ "The Lithium C++ Libraries".
  11. ^ "TechEmpower Benchmarking for lithium".
  12. ^ "TechEmpower Web Framework Performance Comparison". Retrieved 2020-06-01.

Edited: 2021-06-18 14:11:47